In this article, we are providing a complete information about top agricultural producing states in India. Agriculture is an Important sector of Indian economy. Over last few decades Indian agriculture is registered in having impressive growth. In India around 58% of population depends upon agriculture. Globally India occupies the 6th largest place in grocery and food market with 70% of sales. India is the world’s largest producer of milk, pulses and spices. India has the world’s largest cattle herd(buffaloes) and also largest area under the wheat, rice and cotton.
List of top 10 Agriculture states in India
Let’s have a look on top 10 agriculture states in India. Here you will get the information about state-wise agriculture production in India.
1. West Bengal
West Bengal is largest food grain producing state in India. In west Bengal total rice production is 146.05 lakh tons, 2600 kilograms per hectare yield. West Bengal is also rich in fruit production, including pineapple, orange, guava, litchi and mango. The main crops grown in West Bengal are rice, jute and wheat. West Bengal Comes under top most agriculture state in India.
2. Uttar Pradesh
The Top wheat producing state in India is Uttar Pradesh, followed by Punjab and Madhya Pradesh. For growing wheat, the weather condition is appropriate in Uttar Pradesh. It has 22.5 million tons of wheat. About 96 lakh hectares of land is used to grow wheat in Uttar Pradesh.
Uttar Pradesh is the largest hub for sugarcane and it grows under hot and humid climate conditions. So Uttar Pradesh is the best place for producing sugarcane crop.
In India, Punjab is the 3rd largest farming crop producing state and also 3rd largest producer of food grains too. Punjab’s other name is Granary of India and is called as India’s breadbasket. Most of the area in Punjab is covered by wheat and paddy cultivation. Around 93% of the land in Punjab is used to produce food grain.
Gujarat produces cotton in a large scale, followed by the Karnataka, Maharashtra and Telangana. Gujarat’s weather climate is variable. So Producing crops in Gujarat is difficult. One strategy that farmers can adopt is to manipulate the crop environments by advanced management for high yield. Gujarat Produces Groundnut, green gram, sesamum, maize, castor, cotton, paddy, bajra, tur and sugarcane.
Haryana is one of the biggest contributor to the agriculture. About 70% of the locals are engaged in agriculture. Haryana plays an important role in green revolution in India. With all these, a massive irrigation system is owned by Haryana.
Some of the top crops produced in Haryana are paddy, wheat, sugarcane and sunflower. Haryana is 2nd largest producer of the sunflower. The Haryana involved in livestock farming too. There are around 99.97 lakh livestock population in India.
6. Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh is backbone of Indian economy. The Agriculture sector in Madhya Pradesh produced 65% of the employment and it is ¼ of GSDP (Gross State Domestic Product). Madhya Pradesh has largest area with different climate and soil conditions, which is best for the wide range of agriculture products.
Madhya Pradesh earned a significant fame in Pulse farming. For farmers in Madhya Pradesh wheat and maize are the main sources of earning. And other pulses are soyabean, urad and tur.
Assam is highly agriculture dependent state in India. Almost Assam’s economy is based on agriculture, and 70% of population is depends on agriculture income for their livelihood. Assam is popular in tea production. Assam is the largest producer of tea in India. 52% of total tea production in India is grown from Assam.
8. Andhra Pradesh
In Andhra Pradesh, more focus is paid on rice production. 1.5 million hectares of land is used for horticulture and from this land nearly 720 thousand hectares is used for fruit production. In India, Andhra Pradesh contributes about 77% of crop production. Some more crops are Jowar, bajra, tobacco, sugarcane, ragi, maize, pulses and others.
Karnataka state is popular for coffee production. It grew 222300 metric tons of coffee. The weather climate in Karnataka greatly supports the agriculture.
The Kharif crops in Karntaka are moong dal, groundnut, cotton, red chilli, maize, soyabean, rice, sugarcane and turmeric.
The rabi crops in Karnataka are barley, mustard, wheat, sesamum and peas.
Chhattisgarh is most popular for Rice Bowl of Central India. This state is fully dependent on the rain. Only 20% of total region is under the irrigation. In Chhattisgarh 77% of area is used for the rice production. Some of the crops that produces in Chhattisgarh are rice, maize and millets.
Fruit Crops: Guava, cheku, Cashew-nut, Lime, Mango and etc.
Vegetable crops: Beans, Cabbage, Cauliflower etc.
Flowers: Gaillardia, Marry-gold, Gladiolus etc.
Spices: Coriander, Garlic, Turmeric, Methi, Ginger, chilli etc.
Medicinal plants: Lemongrass, Jamarosa, Pamarosa etc.
In India, Farmers are called as “Annadata”. The Indian Government continuously supports the farmers and initiated many programs and schemes to boost up the agriculture sector. The list of government schemes for farmers are given below: