Indian Cabinet Ministry and Types of Ministers in the Cabinet

Cabinet Minister:

A cabinet minister is a member of the executive branch of the government. The cabinet consists of many senior ministers. These honorable Ministers hold important portfolios such as home affairs, defence , education etc., The cabinet consists of most experienced Ministers. On important matters Prime Minister seeks their advice. The decisions taken by the cabinet are binding to all Ministers. The cabinet meets frequently to formulate the policies and decide on certain matters on national importance. The size of the cabinet is 15-20 Ministers.

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How many types of ministers are there in Cabinet

There are five categories of Council of Ministers.

  • Prime Minister: Prime Minister is the leader of executive of the Government of India.
  • Deputy Prime Minister: He is the senior most Cabinet Minister. Presides as Prime Minister in his absence.
  • Cabinet Minister: He leads a Ministry. A member of the Cabinet.
  • Minister of State (Independent charge): He is a Junior Minister. He will not report to a Cabinet Minister.
  • Minister of State (MoS): Deputy Minister reporting to a Cabinet Minister with responsibility in that Ministry.

Indian Cabinet Ministry – 2022

NameShri Narendra Modi
Name of the MinistryPrime Minister

1. Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances, and Pensions
2. Department of Space
3. Department of Atomic Energy
4. All important policy issues
And all other portfolios not allocated to any Minister

Cabinet Ministers

NameShri Amit Shah
Name of the MinistryMinistry of Home Affairs
Ministry of Cooperation

Shri Amit shah is the first Minister of Cooperation of India. He served the BJP From 2014-2020. Shah was the first elected M.L.A in Gujarat.

NameShri Rajnath Singh
Name of the MinistryMinistry of Defence

Shri Rajnath Singh is currently the Deputy Leader of the House of LokSabha. He is the former president of BJP. He has previously served as the Chief Minister of Uttarpradesh and as Cabinet Minister in the Vajpayee Government.

NameShri Nitin Jairam Gadkari
Name of the MinistryMinistry of Road Transport and Highways

Shri Nitin Jairam Gadkari is an Indian Politician From Maharashtra. He is the longest serving Minister for Road Transport and Highways currently running his tenure for over 8 Years. From 2009-2013 he served as the President of BJP.

NameShri Narayan Tatu Rane
Name of the MinistryMinistry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises

Shri Narayan Tatu Rane is the Indian Politician and former Chief Minister of Maharashtra. He has previously held Cabinet Ministry Positions for Industry, Port, Employment and Self-employment; Revenue; and Industry in the Government of Maharashtra. He currently serves as Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises  in the Second Modi Ministry.

NameSmt. Nirmala Sitharaman
Name of the Ministry1. Ministry of Finance
2. Ministry of Corporate Affairs

Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman is an Indian economist and Politician. She is serving as the Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs of India since 2019. She is a Member of Rajyasabha, Upper house of the Indian Parliament since 2014. Sitharaman formerly served as the Defence Minister of India. She is India’s second female Defence Minister. And also the second female Finance Minister after Indira Gandhi and first full time Female Finance Minister.

NameShri Narendra Singh Tomar
Name of the MinistryMinistry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare

Narendra Singh Tomar is the Incumbent Minister of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare. He has been Minister of different periods of the First and second Modi Ministry. He worked as Minister of Rural Development, Minister of Panchayati Raj, Minister of Mines and Minister of Parliamentary Affairs.

NameShri Sarbanada Sonowal
Name of the MinistryMinistry of Ports, Shipping and WaterwaysMinistry of AYUSH

Sarbananda Sonowal is an Indian Politician from Assam. He is the Current Cabinet Minister of Ports, Shipping and waterways and also Cabinet Minister of Ayush in the Government of India. He is a former Chief Ministre of Assam. He served as the Minister of Sports and Youth Affairs, Government of India, from 2014-2016. He is the first Chief Minister of Assam From Bharatiya Janata Party.

NameDr. Virendra Kumar
Name of the MinistryMinistry of Social Justice and Empowerment

Virendra Kumar Khatik is an indian politician serving as the Minister of social Justice and Empowerment. He is a Member of Parliament in the 17th Loksabha from Tikamagarh. He is an MP since 1996 and was a member in the 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th and 16th Lok Sabha.

He was also the chairperson of the Standing Committee on Labour and a Member of the General Purpose Committee. He was chosen as the Pro-tem speaker of the 17th Loksabha in June 2019.

NameDr. Subrahmanyam Jaishankar
Name of the MinistryMinistry of External Affairs

Subrahmanyam Jaishankar (born 9 January 1955) is an Indian diplomat who is serving as the Ministry of External Affairs of the Government of India. since 30 May 2019. He is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party. He is a Member of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha since 5 July 2019, representing Gujarat. He has previously served as the Foreign Secretary from January 2015 to January 2018.

He joined the Indian Foreign Service in 1977 and during his diplomatic career spanning over 38 years, he served in different capacities in India and abroad including as a High Comissioner to Singapore (2007–09) and as Ambassador to the Czech Republic (2001–04), China (2009–2013) and USA (2014–2015). Jaishankar played a key role in negotiating the Indo-US Civilian nuclear agreement.

NameShri Ashwini Vaishnav
Name of the Ministry1. Ministry of Railways
2. Ministry of Communications
3. Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology

Ashwini Vaishnaw (born 18 July 1970) is an Indian politician and former IAS Officer currently serving as the Minister of RailwaysCommunications and Electronics & Information Technlogy, since 8 July 2021. He is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party In June 2019, he became a member of the Parliament of India representing Odisha State in the Rajya Sabha, the upper house. On 7 July 2021, he was appointed as a Cabinet Minister and was given the charge of Railways and Information Technology ministries

NameSmt. Smriti Zubin Irani
Name of the Ministry Ministry of Women and Child Development

Smriti Zubin Irani is an Indian politician and a former television actress and producer. She is the Minister of Women and Child Development in the Union Cabinet of India since May 2019. A prominent leader within the Bharatiya Janata Party, she is a Member of Parliament in the Lok Sabha representing Amethi.

In the 2019 Indian General Election, she defeated Rahul Gandhi – the country’s principal opposition leader and the president of Indian National Congress – to win the Amethi seat. Previously the Amethi constituency had been represented by the members of the Gandhi family for the last four decades. Irani was the youngest minister in the 2019 Council of Ministers, when she was sworn in as a Cabinet Minister in May 2019 at the age of 43.

NameShri Ramchandra Prasad
Name of the MinistryMinistry of Steel

Ram Chandra Prasad Singh is an Indian politician and former national president of Janata Dal (United). He is also a Member of Parliament, Rajyasabha from Bihar from 2010 to 2022. He was a UP cadre IAS Officer before joining politics. He was also principal secretary of Nitish Kumar.He became Minister of Steel in Second Modi Ministry when cabinet overhaul happened.

NameMansukh Mandaviya
Name of the Ministry1. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
2. Ministry of Chemical Fertilizers

Mansukh Mandaviya took charge as the Minister of Health and Family Welfare in the Government of India on July 7, 2021, with an additional charge of the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilisers. Mandaviya was honored by UNICEF for his contribution to women health-care initiatives and for distributing 10 crore sanitary napkins through Jan Aushadhi Kendras.

NameShri Arjun Munda
Name of the MinistryMinistry of Tribal Affairs

Arjun Munda is an Indian politician. He is the current Minister of Tribal Affairs in the Second Modi Ministry. He is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party. He was also Chief Minister of Indian State of Jharkhand. The BJP’s central leadership also appointed him a National General Secretary of the party recognising his strong credentials as a popular mass leader and his significant contributions in strengthening the party in his state.

NameShri Piyush Goyal
Name of the Ministry1. Ministry of Textiles
2. Ministry of Commerce and Industry
3. Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution

Piyush Vedprakash Goyal is a politician and cabinet minister of the Government of India having portfolios such as Minister of Textiles, Minister of Commerce and Industry and Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution. 

NameShri Jyotiraditya M. Scindia
Name of the Ministry1. Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs
2. Ministry of Coal
3. Ministry of Mines

Jyotiraditya Madhavrao Scindia is an Indian Politician who serves as the Minister of Civil Aviation, a position his father held from 1991 to 1993. He also heads the Ministry of steel.

NameShri Raj Kumar Singh
Name of the Ministry1. Ministry of Power
2. Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

Raj Kumar Singh is a former Indian bureaucrat and a current Union Cabinet Minister in the Government of India. He is a Member of Indian Parliament for Arrah, Bihar, since May 2014. Singh is a 1975 batch Bihar cadre Indian Administrative officer and former Home Secretary of India.

NameShri Pashu Pati Kumar Paras 
Name of the MinistryMinistry of Food Processing Industries

Pashupati Kumar Paras is an Indian politician who is currently serving as the Minister of Food Processing Industries in the Government of India. He also held the post of the Minister of Animal and Fisheries Resources in the Government of Bihar.

NameShri Giriraj Singh
Name of the MinistryMinistry of Rural DevelopmentMinistry of Panchayati Raj

Giriraj Singh is an Indian politician and the Minister of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj Department in the 23rd Ministry of Republic of India with a cabinet minister rank. He has also formerly served as Minister of Cooperative, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries Resources Development in the Government of Bihar.

NameShri Kiren Rijiju
Name of the MinistryMinistry of Law and Justice

Kiren Rijiju is an Indian politician from Arunachal Pradesh who serves as the Cabinet Minister of Law and Justice in the Government of India.

NameShri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat
Name of the MinistryMinistry of Jal Shakti

Gajendra Singh Shekhawat is an Indian Politician from Rajasthan who is currently serving as Union Cabinet Minister in Ministry of Jal Shakti. 

NameShri Hardeep Singh Puri
Name of the Ministry1. Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
2. Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs

Hardeep Singh Puri (born 15 February 1952) is an Indian politician and former Indian diplomat who is currently serving as the Minister of petroleum and Natural Gas and Minister of Housing and Urban Affairs. He is a 1974 batch Indian Foreign Service Officer who served as the Permanent Representative of India to the United Nations from 2009 to 2013.

Puri joined the Bharatiya Janata Party in January 2014, and became a Member of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh in November, 2020.  Earlier in May 2019, he had taken charge as the Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Housing and Urban Affairs and Civil Aviation and Minister of State for Commerce and Industry.

Previously, Puri has served as the chairman of the United Nations Security Council’s Counter-Terrorism Committee from January 2011 to February 2013; and joined International Peace Institute as a senior advisor in June 2013.

NameShri Anurag Singh Thakur
Name of the Ministry1.Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
2. Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports

Anurag Singh Thakur is an Indian politician from the Bharatiya Janata Party and a Member of Parliament in the Lok sabha from Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh. He is the current Minister of Sports, Youth Affairs and Minister of Information and broadcasting in the Second Modi Ministry. Previously, Thakur served as a Minister of State for Finance and Corporate Affairs. He was first elected to the Lok Sabha in May 2008 in a by poll as a candidate of the Bharatiya Janata Party. Coming from a political family of Himachal Pradesh, he is a long serving, four time Member of Parliament, being a member of 14th, 15th, 16th and 17th Lok sabha.

Previously, he was the President of the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) from May 2015 to February 2017, and had to leave that position after the Supreme Court order on BCCI governance.. On July 29, 2016, he became the first serving Member of Parliament from the BJP to become a regular commissioned officer in the Territorial Army.

He was involved in a legal struggle between the Himachal Pradesh State Government and the Himachal Pradesh Cricket Association over the rights to the International Cricket Stadium at Dharamshala. There was also controversy over his appointment as the president of the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) and he had to leave that position following a Supreme Court order.

NameShri Parshottam Rupala
Name of the MinistryMinistry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying

Parshottam Khodabhai Rupala is an Indian politician and Minister of Fisheries in the Second Modi Ministry.

NameShri Bhupender Yadav 
Name of the Ministry1. Ministry or Environment, Forest and Climate Chane
2. Ministry of Labour and Employment

Bhupender Yadav is an Indian politician who serves as the Union Cabinet Minister of Labour and Employment, Environment, Forest and Climate Change in the Government of India.

NameShri G. Kishan Reddy
Name of the Ministry1. Ministry of Culture
2. Ministry of Tourism
3. Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region

Gangapuram Kishan Reddy is an Indian Politician who is currently serving as Minister of Tourism, Culture and Development of North Eastern Region of India.

NameDr. Mahendra Nath Pandey
Name of the MinistryMinistry of Heavy Industries

Mahendra Nath Pandey is an Indian politician currently serving as Minister of Heavy Industries he previously served as Minister for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship of India

(with inputs from