List of World Heritage Sites in India

World Heritage Sites

In this article, you are going to know about the list of world heritage sites in India. In India there are 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. In latest, Dholavira and Ramappa Temple are added under ‘Cultural Category’. ‘Dholvira, Gujarat and ‘Ramappa Temple, Telangana are included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2021. The total number of World Heritage Sites in 2021 are increased from 38 to 40.

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1. Which Country has the highest number of World Heritage Sites ?

Ans: Italy-57

2. Which is the first site deleted from World Heritage Site List ?

Ans: Arabian Oryx Sanctury in Oman

3. According to India, how many sites are included under World Heritage site ?

Ans: 40 Sites (32 cultural, 7 natural and 1 mixed)

4. What is the Latest Site inscribed in India ?

Ans: Dholavira, Gujarat-2021

World Heritage Sites in India

S.noNameRegionYear of Inscription
1.Ajanta CavesMaharashtra1983
2.Ellora CavesMaharashtra1983
3.Agra FortUttar Pradesh, India1983
4.Taj MahalAgra, Uttar Pradesh1983
5.Sun Temple, KonarkPuri District, Odisha1984
6.Group of Monuments at MahabalipuramTamil Nadu1984
7.Kaziranga National ParkAssam1985
8.Manas Wildlife SancturyAssam1985
9.Keoladeo National ParkRajasthan1985
10.Churches and Convents of GoaVelha Goa (Old Goa),Goa1986
11.Khajuraho group of MonumentsMadhya Pradesh1986
12.Fatehpur SikriUttar Pradesh1986
13.Group of Monuments at HampiVijayanagara, Karnataka1986
14.Great Living Chola Temples1. Brihadeeswarar temple, Gangaikonda Cholapuram, Tamil Nadu

2. Airavateshwarar Temple, Darasuram, Tamil Nadu

3. Brihadeeswarar temple, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu
15.Group of Monuments at PattadakalBagalkot District, Karnataka1987
16.Sundarbans National ParkWest Bengal1987
17.Elephant CavesMaharashtra1987
18.Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National ParksUttarakhand1988
19.Buddist Monuments at SanchiMadhya Pradesh1989
20.Qutb Minar and its Monuments, DelhiDelhi1993
21.Humayun’s Tomb, DelhiDelhi1993
22.Mountain Railways of India1. Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (1999), Darjeeling, West Bengal, India

2. Nilgiri Mountain Railway (2005) Ooty, Tamil Nadu, India

3.Kalka-Shimla Railway, Himachal Pradesh (2008)
23.Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh GayaBihar2002
24.Rock Shelters of BhimbetkaMadhya Pradesh2003
25.Champaner-Pavagadh archaeological ParkGujarat2004
26.Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
(formerly Victoria Terminus)
27.Red Fort ComplexDelhi2007
28.The Jantar Mantar, JaipurJaipur, Rajasthan2010
29.Western Ghats1. Agasthyamalai Sub-Cluster (Kerala)

2. Periyar Sub-Cluster (Kerala)

3.Annamalai Sub-Cluster (Kerala)

4. Nilgiri Sub-Cluster (Tamil Nadu)

5. Talakaveri Sub-Cluster (Karnataka)

6. Kudremukh Sub-Cluster (Karnataka)

7. Sahyadri Sub-Cluster (Maharashtra)
30.Hill Forts of Rajasthan61. Chittorgarh

2. Kumbhalgarh

3. Ranthambhore

4. Amber Sub-Cluster

5. Jaisalmer

6. Gagron
31.Rani ki vav (The Queen’s Stepwell)Patan, Gujarat2014
32.Great Himalayan National ParkHimachal Pradesh2014
33.Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara at Nalanda, BiharBihar2016
34.Khangchendzongz National ParkSikkim2016
35.The Architectural Work of Le CorbusierChandigarh2016
36.Historic City of AhmedabadGujarat2017
37.The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of MumbaiMaharashtra2018
39.Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) TempleTelangana2021
40.Dholavira: A Harappan CityGujarat2021

Important Points On World Heritage Sites in India

1.Ajanta caves

Ajanta caves are famous for Buddhist rock-cut cave monuments. These are richly decorated with paintings.

2. Ellora Caves

Famous for Jain and Hindu Temples and Monasteries. These cavers are in rock-cut Architecture.

3. Agra Fort

This fort is one of the most prominent monumental structures by Mughal empire.

4. Taj Mahal

In the memory of his 3rd wife Begum Mumtaz Mahal, King Shahjahan had built this structure. This is one of the wonder in seven wonders of the world.

5. Sun Temple

Famous for traditional style of the Kalinga Architecture.

6. Mahabalipuram Monuments

This is Pallava Dynasty Architecture. Famous for Open Air Rock Relief, Chariot Temples, Mandapas.

7. Kaziranga National Park

Famous for Rhinoceroses. This park has highest density of Tigers in the world, wild water buffalo, swamp deer, elephants and also recognized as important bird area.

8. Keoladeo National Park

Popular for the man-made wetland bird sanctuary, Hotspot for Siberian Cranes and Ornithologists.

9. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

Famous for Project Tiger Reserve, Elephant Reserve and Biosphere Reserve.

10. Churches and Convents of Goa

Famous for Rome of orient, First latin rite mass in Asia.

11. Monuments of Khajuraho

Popular for group of Jain and Hindu Temples. Well known for Nagara style symbolism and erotic figures and sculptures.

12. Monuments of Hampi

This is a Prosperous kingdom of Vijayanagara. Fine Dravidian style of art and architecture. Virupaksha Temple is the most important heritage monument in this site.

13. Fatehpur Sikri

The structure constitutes of four main monuments. The Jama Masjid, The Buland Darwaza, Panch mahal or Jada Baai ka mahal, Diwane-Khas and Diwan-eaam.

14. Elephant Caves

Popular for Buddhist and Hindu caves. Situated on Island in Arabian Sea. And has Shiva Temples and Basal Rock Caves.

15. Great Living Chola Temples

Popular for Chola Architecture, painting, sculpture and bronze casting.

16. Pattadakal Monuments

Popular for Chalukya style architecture and Dravidian styles of architecture.

17. Sundarbans National Park

This park is popular for Biosphere Reserve, Bengal Tiger, Largest Estuarine Mangrove Forest and salt-water Crocodile.

18. Nanda Devi & Valley of flowers National Park

Famous for snow leopard, brown bear, Himalayan monal, Asiatic black bear, blue sheep and world network of biosphere.

19. Monuments of Buddha

Popular for monolithic pillars, palaces, Mauryan architecture, Ye dharma Hetu Inscriptions.

20. Humayun’s Tomb

Popular for Precursors to Taj Mahal and Mughal Architecture. It constitutes a Pavilion, a Tomb, any water channels and a Bath.

21. Qutub Minar and its Monuments

Includes Qutub Minar, Alai Minar, Alai Darwaza, Qubbat-ul-Islam Mosque, Tomb of IItumish and Iron Pillar

22. Mountain Railways of Darjeeling, Kalka Shimla & Nilgiri

The montain railways of India comprises of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Nilgiri Mountain Railway and Kalka-Shimla

23. Mahabodhi Temple

This Temple is religious center for Buddhists. Bodh Gaya is considered as holiest Pilgrimage spot for Buddhists.

24. Bhimbetka

Bhimbetka is famous for Rock paintings within natural rock shelters, stone age inscriptions, sitting place of Bhima (Mahabharata)

25. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus

Popular for central railways headquarters, Gothic Style Architecture, In 2008 Terror Attacks on Mumbai.

26. Champaner Pavagadh Archeological Park

This is the only place of complete and unchanged Islamic Pre-Mughal City. This park consists of some ancient Chalcolithic Indian sites from stone age era.

27. Red Fort

Popular for Shahjahanabad, Timuri, Persian and Indian Architectural Styles, Moti Masjid, Red Sandstone Architecture.

28. Jantar Mantar

Famous for Architectural Astronomical Instruments.

29. The Western Ghats

Famous for World’s top ten “Hottest Biodiversity Hotspots”. This includes many National parks, Reserve forests and Wildlife sanctuaries.

30. Hill forts

This place is famous for its unique Rajput Military defense architecture. Includes six majestic forts in Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Gagron Fort, Jaisalmer Fort, Ranthambore, and Amber Fort.

31. Rani ki Vav

Explicit example of fine Ancient Indian Architecture. This is constructed during the time of Solanki dynasty.

32. Great Himalayan National Park

This park is home to about 375 fauna species and several floral species. It is a part of Himalayan Biodiversity Hotspots.

33. Nalanda

A Centre of learning Buddhist monastery from 3rd century BCE to 13th century CE.

34. Khangchendzonga National Park

Famous for its fauna and flora, with snow leopard being ocassionally sighted.

35. Architectural Work of Le Corbusier (Capitol Complex)

As a part of an outstanding contribution to the Modern Movement, this place was recognized as a World Heritage Site.

36. The Historic City

This is a walled city on banks of Sabarmati where the communities following Hinduism, Islam and Jainism have co-existed for centuries.

37. Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles

Collection of 94 buildings of great cultural importance, located in the fort area of Mumbai.

38. The Pink City

Jaipur is home to many forts, palaces, museums and temples. And also filled to brim with the local handicrafts and trinkets.

39. Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple

This Ramappa temple was situated in the village palampet, Telangan.This temple is estimated to atleast 800 to 900 years old. Especially known for light weight porous bricks which are known as floating bricks.

40. Dholavira

Dholavira is an architectural site situated in Kutch district of the Gujarat. This is one of the most prominent Indus Valley Civilization Sites.